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Name: Opioids, Central Nervous System Depressants, Stimulants
(opioids) Oxycontin, Percocet, Darvon, Darvocet, Vicodin, Lorcet, Dialaudid, Demerol; (Central Nervous System Depressants) Valium, Librium, Xanax, Halcyon, Pro Som; (Stimulants) Dexedrine, Ritalin, Meridia
(opioids) Drowsiness, constipation, depressed respiration, euphoria; (Central Nervous System Depressants) sleepy and uncoordinated feeling; (Stimulants) elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, increased respiration, suppressed appetite and sleep deprivation
(opioids) Highly addictive potential, severe respiratory depression or death following a large dose; (Central Nervous System Depressants) physical dependence and addiction, extremely dangerous if combined with alcohol, pain medication, over-the-counter cold and allergy medications; (Stimulants) irregular heart beat, heart failure and lethal seizures, hostility, paranoia, addiction
(Opioids) Restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes, involuntary leg movements. Most patients who are prescribed opioids for pain, even those undergoing long-term therapy, do not become addicted to the drugs. The few patients who do develop rapid and marked tolerance for and addiction to opioids usually have a history of psychological problems or prior substance abuse. In fact, studies have shown that abuse potential of opioid medications is generally low in healthy, non drug-abusing volunteers. One study found that only 4 out of about 12,000 patients who were given opioids for acute pain became addicted. In a study of 38 chronic pain patients, most of whom received opioids for 4 to 7 years, only 2 patients became addicted, and both had a history of drug abuse.
(Central nervous System Depressants) seizure, rapid increase in brain activity
Signs of Abuse:
“Doctor shopping” for prescriptions, frequent requests for refills, stolen, altered or false prescription forms, missing medications in your home or theft from another home, preoccupation with using
Did You Know?
- The most commonly abused prescription drugs are opioids, CNS depressants and stimulants.
- Abusing prescription drugs is dangerous– some may argue even more so than illicit drugs. Their concentration is pure and strong, and they also tend to be inexpensive and accessible. An estimated 9 million people aged 12 and older used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons in 1999.
For more information, check out:
the.Medic is a series that focuses on teenage prescription drug abuse. The series includes five videos, each roughly four minutes long. Four reports are for students, the fifth for parents. The videos are accompanied by lesson plans with curriculum appropriate for middle and high school students in the subject areas of science and language arts.
CriticalThinkRx is an 8-module, web-based curriculum designed to promote critical thinking skills about psychiatric medication issues among non-medical professionals (social workers, mental health practitioners, psychologists) who work with children and adolescents in a mental health or child welfare setting. Each module takes 15-20 minutes to view.