Heroin

Chemical Name: Diacetylmorphine

Category: Schedule I

Street Names:
Smack, horse, mud, brown sugar, junk, snow, black tar, Big H, scag, estuffa, stofa, stuff.

Usage: Injected, smoked, or inhaled.

Description:
Heroin is an illegal and highly-addictive narcotic derived from the opium poppy. It can be a white, yellowish, gray or brown powder depending on its origin. It is odorless and bitter tasting, and is usually cut with a variety of substances.

Immediate effects:
Suppresses the central nervous system, constricts the pupils of the eyes, and reduces normal thirst and hunger. Cardiovascular system slows down. The initial reaction to the drug is usually negative, and includes nausea, sweating, and a general feeling of discomfort. After a few doses, users experience a rush of good feeling followed by drowsiness.

Long-term effects:
Highly addictive. Addiction can lead to malnutrition and hepatitis. The use of contaminated syringes can result in AIDS, endocarditis, and hepatitis. Addiction in pregnant women can lead to premature, stillborn, or addicted infants who experience severe withdrawal symptoms.

Overdose:
Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, and possible death.

Withdrawal:
Watery eyes, runny nose, loss of appetite, tremors, panic, chills, sweating, nausea, muscle cramps, and insomnia. Elevations in blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate and temperature occur as withdrawal progresses.

Signs & Symptoms:
Constricted pupils, watery eyes, and low raspy speech, needle marks.

Did you know?

  • According to a recent report released by the ONDCP, heroin use appears to be expanding among young people and the middle class.
  • There have been increasing reports of “one-on-one” houses that sell heroin and cocaine together.
  • Mixed heroin-and-cocaine “speedballs” remain popular among youth, with users using mixes of heroin, cocaine, alcohol, marijuana, methamphetamine, and tobacco for extended drug-binging called “serial speedballing.”