Cocaine

Chemical Name: 2-beta-carbomethoxyl-3-beta-benoxytropane

Category: Schedule II

Street Names: Coke, snow, lady, blow, crack, flake, freebase, rock, “C”, smoke, nose candy, angel dust

Usage: Snorted, smoked, injected

Description:
White crystalline powder, flake, or rock. Central nervous system stimulant. Cocaine is an alkaloid refined from the leaves of Erythroxylum coca, which grows in the highlands of South America

Immediate effects:
Euphoria, hyperactivity, agitation. Feelings of hyper alertness, of being in command, self-confident. Dilates pupils, increases heart and breathing rate, constricts blood vessels. Elevates heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature.

Long-term effects:
Highly addictive potential. Loss of appetite, insomnia, nose infections and destruction of nose tissue, weight loss, poor concentration, paranoia, seizures, immune suppression, anxiety, depression. Injecting can lead to AIDS, hepatitis. Cocaine use during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, premature birth, and irritable and unresponsive infants.

Overdose:
Hallucinations, loss of consciousness, convulsions and death

Withdrawal:
Apathy, irritability, depression, lethargy, disorientation, paranoia, insomnia, intense craving

Signs & Symptoms:
Tremor, runny nose, dramatic mood swings, dilated pupils, and irritability

Did You Know?

  • Even first-time users of cocaine may experience seizures or heart attacks, which may be fatal.
  • A cocaine “high” only lasts 5 to 20 minutes; a user needs to use more and more cocaine to get high.
  • Cocaine is reputed to enhance sexual pleasure, but users of both sexes often become unable to function sexually.